25 April 2012

Timeline April 25 to 26

April 25
1599  Oliver Cromwell, English soldier and statesman; Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland 1653-8, was born.
1849  The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
1859  British and French engineers break ground for the Suez Canal.
1874  Guglielmo Marconi, Italian Nobel Prize winning physicist 1909 and inventor, was born in Bologna, Italy.
1900  Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian born Nobel Prize winning physicist (1945), was born.
1915  World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli begins—The invasion of the Turkish Gallipoli Peninsula by Australian, British, French and New Zealand troops begins with landings at Anzac Cove and Cape Helles. ANZAC Day in Australia and New Zealand.
1953  Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid" describing the double helix structure of DNA.
1959  The St. Lawrence Seaway, linking the North American Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, officially opens to shipping.

April 26
1607  An expedition of English colonists went ashore at Cape Henry, Va., to establish the first permanent English settlement in the Western Hemisphere. (They later settled at Jamestown.)
1785  John James Audubon, West Indian born American Naturalist, ornithologist, and artist was born in Haiti.
1822  Frederick Law Olmsted, American landscape architect; designed Central Park in New York City.

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