21 August 2012

Timeline August 19 to 21

August 19
1612  The "Samlesbury witches", three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England, are put on trial, accused for practicing witchcraft, one of the most famous witch trials in English history.
1646  John Flamsteed, English founder of the Greenwich Observatory, was born.
1692  Salem witch trials: in Salem, Massachusetts, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted of witchcraft.
1812  The USS Constitution defeated the British frigate Guerriere east of Nova Scotia during the War of 1812.
1921  Gene Roddenberry, American creator of the Star Trek series, was born.
1942  Six battalions of the Canadian Second Division made a frontal assault on German defenders of Dieppe, France. Of the 5,000 who took part in the raid, 900 were killed, and 1,300 were taken prisoner.

August 20
1858  Charles Darwin first publishes his theory of evolution through natural selection in The Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, alongside Alfred Russel Wallace's same theory.
1940  British Prime Minister Winston Churchill paid tribute to the Royal Air Force, saying, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
1977  The US launched Voyager 2, an unmanned spacecraft carrying a 12 inch copper phonograph record containing greetings in dozens of languages.

August 21
1770  James Cook formally claims eastern Australia for Great Britain, naming it New South Wales.

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