05 August 2012

Timeline August 5 & 6

August 5
1305  William Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance against England, was captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London where he was put on trial and executed.
1583  Sir Humphrey Gilbert established the first English colony in North America, at what is now St. John's, Newfoundland.
1735  Freedom of the press: New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger was acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he had published was true.
1858  Cyrus West Field and others completed the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. It operated for less than a month.
1884  The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedoe's Island in New York Harbor.
1957  American bandstand, hosted by Dick Clark, made its network TV debut on ABC.
1963  The US, Britain and the Soviet Union signed a treaty in Moscow banning nuclear test in the atmosphere, outer space and underwater.

August 6
Col By Day in Ottawa, Ontario

1777  American Revolutionary War: The bloody Battle of Oriskany prevents American relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix.
1806  The Holy Roman Empire went out of existence as Emperor Francis I abdicated.
1881  Sir Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist, who discovered penicillin in 1928, was born. Died March 11, 1955.
1911  Lucille Ball, American radio, TV and film comedic actress, was born. Died April 26, 1989.
1945  The US dropped an atomic bomb on Hirshoma, Japan, that instantly killed an estimated 66,000 people in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare.
1991  Tim Berners-Lee released files describing his idea for the World Wide Web.

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